Bank of America analysts expect US economic growth to slow to nearly zero by the second half of 2023.
So while the risk of recession this year is low, BofA sees a 40% probability starting next year.
And 2024 isn’t looking much better as analysts see only “a modest rebound” by then.
Bank of America has sounded the alarm on the US economy, predicting growth will stall next year and that the likelihood of a recession will arise.
In a note published on Friday — two days after the Federal Reserve hiked interest rates by 75 basis points — analysts said the Fed was too slow to aggressively tackle inflation, which is currently running at a 40-year high, and is abruptly scrambling to get on top of it.
Now BofA sees GDP growth slowing to near zero by the second half of 2023 due to the impact of tighter financial conditions. So while the risk of recession this year is low, BofA sees a 40% probability starting next year. And 2024 isn’t looking much better as analysts see only “a modest rebound” by then.
“Our worst fears around the Fed have been confirmed: they fell way behind the curve and are now playing a dangerous game of catch up,” according to the note.
Despite the Fed’s more hawkish stance, BofA doesn’t see inflation cooling enough to get down to the central bank’s 2% target. Instead, it will persist around 3%. While supply problems and demand for goods will ease, inflation expectations are anchoring at higher levels and wage pressures will be tough to reverse.
But the Fed is perhaps finally catching up to properly attack inflation, BofA said, and Wednesday’s rate hike was a strong step in the right direction.
Still, analysts aren’t confident the Fed will know what to do after it completes its tightening cycle. While policymakers’ forecasts suggest a rate cut in 2024, BofA doesn’t think so: “our baseline forecast assumes the Fed will be like a deer in the headlights: unsure over whether to react to very weak growth or still high inflation.”
Even with its gloomy outlook, BofA warned it’s vulnerable to downside risk, noting potential external shocks from the Ukraine war, energy prices, and sanctions extending to Russian supporters like China. The main domestic risk to the forecast is if the Fed is committed to lowering inflation to its 2% target, because getting it there would require policy that’s so tight that it would trigger a recession.
For his part, Fed Chair Jerome Powell reiterated the central bank’s posture Friday, telling conference attendees that “my colleagues and I are acutely focused on returning inflation to our 2% objective.”
If the Fed does induce a recession, there is one bright spot: “it is easier for the Fed to manage a sharp slowdown if Fed policy is the cause of the slowdown. For the same reasons we think that if there is a recession it will be mild.”
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